Institutionen för lingvistik och filologi

A 16th century Balochi epic on Braho Jadgal wars and the emergence of Brahui rule in Balochistan

  • Datum: –15.00
  • Plats: 9-2029
  • Föreläsare: Associate Professor Sabir Badalkhan, Naples University.
  • Arrangör: Iranska språk
  • Kontaktperson: Carina Jahani
  • Telefon: 018-4717869
  • Föreläsning

In this talk we will discuss the epic on the Brāhō-Jadgāl wars, the tradition on the arrival of Brāhōes in the region, their gaining of power and their shifting to the Brahui language. We will also discuss the formation of Brāhōī tribes and their acquiring of tribal lands in their present territories. We will also make an attempt to study the toponymy of the region to see if there are any traces o

A 16th century Balochi epic records the arrival and settlement of the Brāhō community in the Jahlawan area (the region comprising of Kalat and Khuzdar districts) and their clashes with the Jatts and Jadgals then settled in Lasbela, Kacchi and the areas bordering with Sind. The legend is that these Brāhōes came from Makran and descended from a certain chief by the name of Brāhō/Brāhem. After driving away the Jadgals during the late 16th and early 17th centuries, they distributed the conquered territories among themselves and their followers. With the passage of time, each group emerged as a new tribe identifying itself with the name of the eponym plus the suffix of either ānī (“of the”) or zaī (“born of, descended from”). We are told that only a few of these tribes originally spoke Brahui as their first language but following the establishment of the Khanate of Kalat during the 17th century, the Brahui language (originally known as Kurdi or Kurdgali, “language of the Kurds”) emerged as the dominating language on the expense of their first languages. Although the epic is silent about how these tribes came to speak a language classified as Dravidian, it is supposed that in Kalat and the surrounding areas they came in close contact with the Brahui language and with the passage of time they shifted to it. Being followers of Brāhōes, these allied tribesmen also came to be known as Brāhōī (“of Brāhō”) and the name of the language was also changed from Kurdī/ Kurdgālī to Brāhōī.